Saturday, October 3, 2009

The word Petroleum is derived from two words Petra meaning rock and oleum meaning oil. The oil occurs naturally in porous rocky strata in liquid form is the crude oil. If it is in semi hard state mixed in sand then it is bitumen. The crude oil can be black, brown, green or even orangish yellow. It does contain oxygen, sulphur, nitrogen and other items in minute quantities which determines it suitability for specific application.The crude oil or its derivatives are marketed by volume or weight, gallon, litre, barrel, are the volumetric measurements while metric tonnes (mt or MT) are for the weight.

The world map of oil

Even inside or related to the oil industry, an increasing number of personalities who do not approve the war of resources, have said they favored detailed and transparent reconsideration of energy provisioning at world level. In fact, many voices have demanded an organization, as independent as possible, to control the distribution of the world energy. Both, the said ecologist Yves Cochet and liberal Matthew Simmons have requested, as many others, a world emergency plan to put an end to the imminent energy crisis [8].In this critical situation, the free market laws can not be applied and the most powerful become predators to keep their own living standards. This was Bush-Cheney’s perspective [9] , when they opened the road between Afghanistan and Georgia; they tried to overthrow the government of Venezuela and invaded Iraq.

Colt developed the design basis memorandum (FEL 2) and basic engineering package (FEL 3). The scope of the project included a new S-Zorb unit, SO2 recovery process (CANSOLV) modifications to two FCCU gas plants, distillate desulphurizing unit, sulphur plant and various utilities. For the first FCCU, Colt developed the design for 30 PPM. For the second FCCU, Colt developed a HYSYS simulation for the fractionator and gas plant. This included reconciling the simulation against test-run data and benchmarking to establish a base case.This project was an extensive revamp involving the replacement of much of the existing equipment. The project impacted the plant’s FCCU, the gas plant, crude unit and distillate desulphurization unit. An innovative approach was used to minimize turnaround hours and their effect on operations.


When deposit exploitation is concerned, the Offshore Petroleum and Gas industries are interested in characterizing the first few dozens of meters of sediment, essentially for:Assessing the installation risks of operating infrastructures, wells, pipes, etc. breakages in slopes, the detection of gas pockets, etc.The detection of gas hydrates. The precision of the soac-logs reduces the number of direct measurements needed for the geotechnical survey of a zone: in a favorable situation, the number of direct measurements can be reduced by a factor of 4 to 5: to find out more, discover the Néris performance data sheet

Twin Valley Co-op Ltd. supplies bulk fuel from our Manitoba branch locations in Russell, Rossburn, Birtle, Miniota and Elkhorn. We also run out of Welwyn, Saskatchewan. We sell the highest quality fuels from our EP-3000 Premium Diesel Fuel to our High Performance Gasoline, all of which carry the Federated Co-operatives Ltd fuel guarantee. Because we deliver our own fuel, your order gets to you when you need it. We provide "auto fill service", volume discounts and a patronage dividend program which allows profits to be returned to our member customers.Twin Valley Co-op Ltd. currently runs a fleet of 5, radio and cell phone equipped fuel delivery units.

Panic at the pumps

TERRIFIED motorists and shoppers were forced to flee for their lives yesterday after a petrol station caught fire near a busy supermarket and threatened to EXPLODE.A car, van and petrol pump burst into flames in a mystery blaze on the Morrisons garage forecourt near the Almondvale Centre in Livingston.Amazingly, no one one was injured after firefighters dashed to the scene and quickly doused the fierce blaze, right, just SECONDS before the petrol station was in danger of blowing up.Eyewitness Peter Nicolson, 38, from nearby Whitburn, said it was a miracle no one was killed.He said: “I was in the nearby B&Q when I heard bangs like fireworks going off.

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